logo-xls

French Decorative Bookbinding - Eighteenth Century

Louis Douceur 1746?


click to enlarge


Nicolas Boileau-Despréaux. Oeuvres, avec des eclaircissemens historiques.
Paris, Veuve Alix, 1740. 2 volumes in 4, maroquin olive, roulette fleurdelisée et large dentelle en encadrement avec fleurs, fruits, motifs foliacés, armoiries centrales.


"Dos à 5 nerfs richement ornés aux petits fers avec 2 pièces d'armes alternées, un serpent et un lion, roulette intérieure, doublure et gardes de papier dominoté à motifs de grandes fleurs jaunes, roses et taupe sur fond foliacé violet, tranches dorées (Reliure de l'époque). Un portrait par Rigaud gravé par Ravenet, un fleuron de titre répété, 7 vignettes par Trémollières gravées par Ravenet, 38 culs-de-lampe, dont certains répétés, 6 lettrines ornées, dont une répétée, et un fleuron à écusson. Exemplaire dans lequel on a relié les 6 planches hors texte de Cochin pour Le Lutrin, celles-ci placées dans un encadrement historié répété. Superbe exemplaire aux armes de Marie-Sophie-Emilie-Honorate Colbert, marquise de Seignelay, duchesse de Montmorency- Luxembourg . Elle fut la première femme de Charles-François, IIe du nom, de Montmorency, duc de Piney-Luxembourg, plus communément appelé le maréchal de Luxembourg (Olivier, 829). Couleur de la reliure inégalement passée."

Nicolas Boileau-Despréaux. Works, with historical clarifications. Paris, Veuve Alix, 1740. 2 volumes in 4, olive morocco, roulette fleurdelisée and wide dentelle framed with flowers, fruit, foliated motifs ..., central coat of arms, back with 5 nerves richly decorated in small tools with 2 pieces of alternating armorial animals, a snake and a lion, inner roulette, lining and guards of brokat papier with patterns of large yellow flowers, pink and taupe on purple foliated background, gilded edges (Reliure de l'époque). A portrait by Rigaud engraved by Ravenet, 7 vignettes by Trémollières engraved by Ravenet, 38 culs-de-lamp, some of which repeated, 6 ornamented initials, including a repeated, and an escutcheon. Copy in which we connected the 6 plates out of text of Cochin for Le Lutrin, these placed in a repeated historical frame. Superb copy with the arms of Marie-Sophie-Emilie-Honorate Colbert, Marquise de Seignelay, Duchess of Montmorency-Luxembourg. She was the first wife of Charles-Francois, 2nd of the name, Montmorency, Duke of Piney-Luxembourg, more commonly called the Marshal of Luxembourg (Olivier, 829). Color of binding unevenly faded.



Above we see perhaps one of the oldest Douceur dentelles, barely a dentelle compared to what was coming a decade late. I see here a rare collection of early tools similar to our eBay Henault. I could be wrong as the Henault is 1749 and has many of the same tools, the most shared tools of any binding seen so far. I tried to find some infomation on Marie-Sophie-Emilie-Honorate Colbert, Marquise de Seignelay, Duchess of Montmorency-Luxembourg, What I discovered is that she is listed in a book entitled Les Femmes bibliophiles de France, XVIe, XVIIe & XVIIIe siècles and that she died in 1747 at the young age of 35 (Born 22 December 1711 (Tuesday) - Paris, Deceased 29 October 1747 (Sunday) , age at death: 35 years old. In the book she has 9 books listed to her name that bear her arms the oldest of these dates to 1746. So at a guess I imagine then this Boileau would not have been made after 1747, and could be even as old as 1740.



click to enlarge




Comparative Diagram 1 - early Louis Douceur dentelles
(click on this image to see an enlargement)


click to enlarge


Comparative Diagram 2 - d-21-5 imprint examples plus overlay test.
(click on this image to see an enlargement)


click to enlarge


Voltaire. La Princesse de Navarre. [Paris]: Jean-Baptiste-Christophe Ballard, [1745]

Reliure en maroquin rouge à décor de dentelle régulière aux armes de Marie-Thérèse d'Espagne,
dauphine de France, Paris, atelier de Louis Douceur, 1745

Paris. Bibliothèque nationale de France. Réserve des livres rares. RES P-YF-243
(click on this image to see an enlargement)


In my speculations at the top of this page, I forgot to take into account the BnF example shown above that is dated closely to 1745, the flower imprint d-21-5, is not included here and so could indicate that this is an older production than the Boileau at the top of this page which I now tentatively date to 1746. Below I show the roulette d-roulette-4. This I have been able to study carefully thanks to the high resolution images available on the BnF, Gallica pages for this binding (click here to see them). This roulette I was tempted to call an alternating fleur de lys and acanthus motif, but now after looking at my pages on acanthus, think its probably something else that any French person would know. After looking at this roulette for some time I spotted an unusual hole in one of the acanthus leaves and this allowed me to cut and paste strips of roulette together to confirm that this defect did indeed repeat itself. Thus I was able to calculate the circumference of the entire wheel, which would have had a diameter of nearly 3 cm. I show this in Comparative Diagram 4. This is an early roulette that may lead us to discover more bindings from the workshop of Louis Douceur.


cmpt


Comparative Diagram 3 - imprints from RES P-YF-243 vs Boileau imprints



cmpt


click to enlarge


Comparative Diagram 4 - matching strips of d-roulette-4.
9.27 circumference = 2.95 diameter wheel
(click on this image to see a 600dpi enlargement)




In the following Comparative Diagrams I present high resolution images of important early tools from the workshop of Louis Douceur. These are the earliest I have found so far but start at 1745, we know that Douceur started his career as a binder in 1721 so there is a big gap here, but these early tools will help us find the earlier bindings.


click to enlarge


Comparative Diagram 5 - imprints d-46a-3 and d-46b-3
(click on this image to see a 600dpi enlargement)


click to enlarge


Comparative Diagram 6 - imprints d-32a-11 and d-32b-11
(click on this image to see a 600dpi enlargement)


click to enlarge


Comparative Diagram 7 - imprints d-32a-11 and d-32b-11
(click on this image to see a 1200dpi enlargement)


cmpt


Comparative Diagram 7 - imprints d-32a-10


Below in Comparative Diagram 8, we see a collection of imprints from BnF, RLR, RES P-YF-243, this binding was our discovery on the first page of this research concerning the eBay 1749 Henault. It is found in the Bibliotheque Nationale de France where it has been attributed to Padeloup le jeune on the basis of the gold tooled imprints. We have prooved conclusively and incontrovertably that these imprints do not derive from the workshop of Padeloup but are instead from the workshop of Louis Douceur.


click to enlarge

Comparative Diagram 8 - high resolution imprints from BnF, RLR, RES P-YF-243.
(click on this image to see a 600dpi enlargement)




click to enlarge

Comparative Diagram 9 - high resolution imprints from 1749 Henault.
(click on this image to see a 600dpi enlargement)





click here to see the next page


click here to return to the INDEX of the 1749 Henault pages.


click here to see the INDEX of the 2017 pages.


click here to return to the HOME page.




see below links to previous work






Atelier I B 31/10/2014





Icons of the Renaissance 06/02/2014





Atelier au trefle 22/12/2014




Atelier Royal 1518 - 1524 09/11/2014





Unraveling G. D. Hobson's book on fanfares 27/11/2014





16c fanfare on eBay 23/11/2014




another Padeloup binding on eBay 07/12/2014


the last Padeloup fanfare?


Rare Padeloup binding on eBay 15/11/2014



Pierre-Paul Dubuisson's work attributed to Derone le jeune 23/10/2014 (unfinished work now finished)


Pierre-Paul Dubuisson's work attributed to Douceur 22/10/2014 (an under contruction page finished at last)


Louis-Marie Michon - the 1956 Disaster 19/10/2014 (an unfinished page finished at last)


Louis XII Dolphins motif 03/02/2014


Aristophanes Binder 1543 02/02/2014


Atelier des reliures LOUIS XII - Atlas Catalan 12/01/2014


Atelier des reliures LOUIS XII - FRANÇOIS Ier - Linacre bindings 05/01/2014


Atelier des reliures LOUIS XII - FRANÇOIS Ier c. 1500-1520


Atelier des reliures LOUIS XII - FRANÇOIS Ier - Chronology 16/01/2014


Atelier des reliures LOUIS XII - FRANÇOIS Ier - Inventory - binding No. 29 19/01/2014


Atelier des reliures LOUIS XII - FRANÇOIS Ier - Inventory - binding No. 39 19/01/2014


Atelier des reliures LOUIS XII - FRANÇOIS Ier - The mysterious disappearance of François Tissard d'Amboise 23/01/2014


Atelier des reliures LOUIS XII - FRANÇOIS Ier - The Simon Vostre fiasco 18/01/2014


L'Atelier Simon Vostre 1486-1521 01/01/2014


L'Atelier de Pierre Roffet 1511-1533 - TOOL CATALOGUE 26/01/2014


L'Atelier de Pierre Roffet 1511-1533 27/12/2013


Pierre Roffet - fleur-de-lis binder 28/12/2013


Fleur-de-lis Binder 1525-1540 27/11/2013


Du Saix Master 02/12/2013


Atelier Étienne Roffet 1538-1549 12/12/2013


Atelier Jean Picard 1538-1547


Imitative Binder c.1540 15/12/2013


Salel Binder 1540 17/11/2013


Atelier Ruette 1606-1669 INVENTORY


Atelier Macé Ruette 1606-1644


Atelier du Maitre Doreur 1622-1638


Atelier Antoine Ruette 1638-1669


Atelier des Caumartin 1652-1715


Atelier de Charenton 1670-1685


Atelier Luc-Antoine Boyet 1685-1733


Atelier Antoine-Michel Padeloup. dit Le Jeune 1685-1758


Atelier Louis Douceur 1721-1769


Atelier Pierre-Paul Dubuisson 1746-1762


Atelier Nicolas-Denis Derome, dit Derome le Jeune 1761-1788


Atelier Jean-Pierre Jubert, 1771-1793?


Atelier MM binder, 1770-179-?





A word of Caution

Even experts are sometimes wrong, before you spend thousands on a book, please do your own research! Just because I say a certain binding can be attributed to le Maitre isn't any kind of guarantee, don't take my word for it, go a step further and get your own proof. In these pages I have provided you with a way of doing just that.

Virtual Bookings, created by L. A. Miller return to the Home page of VIRTUAL BOOKBINDINGS

l.a.miller@mail.pf