click to enlarge

Interior (doublure) dentelle of binding B-4873 (BIS) downloaded from Gallica.

Now we come to the last binding in the Bibliotheque Nationale collection of example Derome le jeune bindings none of which turned out to have been decorated by Derome. This last binding is a retrospective one that is so nondescript that any number of binders could have made it and it would be nearly impossible to say who.There are no distinctive gold tooled imprints on the outside but very fortunately this binding was made so that the interior of the boards could also be tooled, leather being placed inside as well, (doublure) now the gold tooling on the inside is more like what we would expect from this period, with tools much easier to identify (shown above)

click to enlarge

Here is where we are shocked to find not the tools of Derome but rather some tools that are those of Dubuisson! Although this sounds like a fantastic and hard to believe turn of affairs I can prove that at least two of the major tools used here are Dubuisson's. In as much as we are lead to believe that Dubuisson died before this bindings was even made, we cannot assert that Pierre-Paul Dubuisson decorated this binding. However my research shows that there are in existence a number of bindings decorated with his tools after his death. What we can assume is that the elder Dubuisson who survived his son by a good few years carried on the business and perhaps employed someone else to do the work, or he did it himself. Whatever the case it seems very doubtful that Derome had anything to do with the decoration of this binding. and even if he did this would then be one of the least representative bindings that could ever be call a Derome!

click to see a 1200 dpi enlargement

Comparative Diagram 1 - Dubuisson imprint pd-1 examples showing abberations. or pointille cuts

When I was examining very carefully the tools of Dubuisson I notice a strange sort of aberration in an imprint that I had classified as pd-1. Looking at this imprint greatly enlarged, I noticed some lines or grooves running across the top, I collected all the examples i could find and was able to verify this flaw or imperfecttion, I never realized just how important this observation might turn out to be until now. (see Comparative Diagram 1)

click to see a 1200 dpi enlargement

Comparative Diagram 2 - Dubuisson imprint pd-1 examples vs imprints from B-4873 (BIS)

In Comparative Diagram 2 we can observe the same defects in the imprints that I have downloaded with Gallica from binding B4873(BIS), convincing proof that these imprints derive from Dubuisson's tools. Some years ago in an an attempt to confirm the identy if imprints I devised an overlay system shown below in Comparative Diagram 3.

click to see an enlargement

Comparative Diagram 3 - Dubuisson imprint pd-1 overlay

In my overlay experiments it was easier to see the fit of the two imprints by moving one slightly to one side. There are a number of reasons why no two imprints will be exactly identical, a close match however, is easy to recognize.

click to see a 600 dpi  enlargement

Comparative Diagram 4 - Dubuisson imprint pd-1 overlay with BnF, RLR, B-4873 (BIS)

In Comparative Diagram 5, I show another obvious Dubuisson tool found in this B-4873 binding

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Comparative Diagram 5 - Dubuisson imprint pd-3 with an imprint from BnF, RLR, B-4873 (BIS)

To conclude we must lament the sorry state of the Bibliotheque Nationale to have made such a mess of the work of Derome le jeune. No wonder bookbinding experts worldwide have made so many errors when it comes to Derome. One particular present day expert comes to mind, Mirjam M. Foot, who is known as one of the most respected bookbinding experts, has fallen into this trap.

see the next page - Epilogue

click here to return to the INDEX of new pages.

see the links below to previous work

the last fanfare

Atelier I B 31/10/2014

Icons of the Renaissance 06/02/2014

Atelier au trefle 22/12/2014 most recent page

Atelier Royal 1518 - 1524 09/11/2014

Unraveling G. D. Hobson's book on fanfares 27/11/2014

16c fanfare on eBay 23/11/2014

another Padeloup binding on eBay 07/12/2014

Rare Padeloup binding on eBay 15/11/2014

Pierre-Paul Dubuisson's work attributed to Derone le jeune 23/10/2014 (unfinished work now finished)

Pierre-Paul Dubuisson's work attributed to Douceur 22/10/2014 (an under contruction page finished at last)

Louis-Marie Michon - the 1956 Disaster 19/10/2014 (an unfinished page finished at last)

Louis XII Dolphins motif 03/02/2014

Aristophanes Binder 1543 02/02/2014

Atelier des reliures LOUIS XII - Atlas Catalan 12/01/2014

Atelier des reliures LOUIS XII - FRANÇOIS Ier - Linacre bindings 05/01/2014

Atelier des reliures LOUIS XII - FRANÇOIS Ier c. 1500-1520

Atelier des reliures LOUIS XII - FRANÇOIS Ier - Chronology 16/01/2014

Atelier des reliures LOUIS XII - FRANÇOIS Ier - Inventory - binding No. 29 19/01/2014

Atelier des reliures LOUIS XII - FRANÇOIS Ier - Inventory - binding No. 39 19/01/2014

Atelier des reliures LOUIS XII - FRANÇOIS Ier - The mysterious disappearance of François Tissard d'Amboise 23/01/2014

Atelier des reliures LOUIS XII - FRANÇOIS Ier - The Simon Vostre fiasco 18/01/2014

L'Atelier Simon Vostre 1486-1521 01/01/2014

L'Atelier de Pierre Roffet 1511-1533 - TOOL CATALOGUE 26/01/2014

L'Atelier de Pierre Roffet 1511-1533 27/12/2013

Pierre Roffet - fleur-de-lis binder 28/12/2013

Fleur-de-lis Binder 1525-1540 27/11/2013

Du Saix Master 02/12/2013

Atelier Étienne Roffet 1538-1549 12/12/2013

Atelier Jean Picard 1538-1547

Imitative Binder c.1540 15/12/2013

Salel Binder 1540 17/11/2013

Atelier Ruette 1606-1669 INVENTORY

Atelier Macé Ruette 1606-1644

Atelier du Maitre Doreur 1622-1638

Atelier Antoine Ruette 1638-1669

Atelier des Caumartin 1652-1715

Atelier de Charenton 1670-1685

Atelier Luc-Antoine Boyet 1685-1733

Atelier Antoine-Michel Padeloup. dit Le Jeune 1685-1758

Atelier Louis Douceur 1721-1769

Atelier Pierre-Paul Dubuisson 1746-1762

Atelier Nicolas-Denis Derome, dit Derome le Jeune 1761-1788

Atelier Jean-Pierre Jubert, 1771-1793?

Atelier MM binder, 1770-179-?

A word of Caution

Even experts are sometimes wrong, before you spend thousands on a book, please do your own research! Just because I say a certain binding can be attributed to le Maitre isn't any kind of guarantee, don't take my word for it, go a step further and get your own proof. In these pages I have provided you with a way of doing just that.

Virtual Bookings, created by L. A. Miller return to the Home page of VIRTUAL BOOKBINDINGS